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舰载光电经纬仪方位基准标校方法

发布日期:2014-06-01| 阅读次数: | 关键字:37-3 | 作者:王守印 | 来源:长春理工大学学报:自然科学版 2014 Vol.37(3): 013-016

舰载光电经纬仪方位基准标校方法
王守印
(中国科学院长春光学精密机械与物理研究所,长春 130033)
摘要:光电经纬仪工作前,要对经纬仪的方位测量基准进行标校,安装在陆地的经纬仪通常以正北作为方位测量基准。而舰载光电经纬仪的方位测量基准是舰载的艏艉线方向。专业的测量舰船设有独立的用于光电经纬仪的标校系统,普通的测量舰船没有设置单独的标校系统,只设有指示舰船艏艉线的平面基准镜,平面基准镜的法线方向即是舰船艏艉线方向。为了将舰船艏艉线平面基准镜的法线方向通过光路折转的方法转到光电经纬仪的光学主系统视轴上,设计一种方位基准标校装置。该标校装置由两个自准经纬仪和两个折转光管及辅助固定支架组成。标校时可在测量舰船上临时安装,标校工作结束后即可拆除,安装、拆除工作简单易行。折转光管的结构简单,便于保管运输。
关键词:经纬仪;舰载;方位测量基准;艏艉线;标校方法
中图分类号:TN216        文献标识码:A        文章编号:1672-9870201403-0013-04
Calibration Method of the Azimuth Reference of the Electrical-optical Theodolite on Ship
WANG Shouyin
Changchun Institute of OpticsFine Mechanics and PhysicsChinese Academy of ScienceChangchun 130033)
AbstractThe azimuth reference of the electrical-optical theodolite should be calibrated before workingwhich is the north direction generally used ground basis. Howeverthe azimuth reference is the keel-line direction on ship. There is the self-contained calibration system for the photoelectric theodolite on the technical measuring shipbut none on the universal measuring ship except a reference mirrorthe normal line of which instructs the keel-line direction. In order to instruct the light from the normal line of the reference mirror to the primary optical axis of the theodolitean equip-ment of calibration is designed. The equipment is comprised of two self-collimating theodolites and two deflective light tubesas well as the aided structures. It is easy to mount temporarily when calibrating on ship and demolish after that. The structure of the deflective light tube is simply constructedand it is easy to store and transport.
 Key wordstheodoliteon shipazimuth measuring referencekeel-linecalibration method


作者简介:王守印(1956-),男,研究员,E-mail:
pinocchio84@163.com

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